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Which of the following has the greatest mass, in grams?

Mercury Car Discussion

Which of the following has the greatest mass, in grams?

Postby fiynn16 » Sun Nov 13, 2011 5:30 pm

A) 1 atom of gold (Au)
B) 1.0 mol mercury (Hg) atoms
C) 2.0 mole of chlorine (Cl) atoms
D) 25 atoms of mercury (Hg)

THANKS for HELPING
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Which of the following has the greatest mass, in grams?

Postby boid74 » Sun Nov 13, 2011 5:38 pm

The atomic mass of each element from the periodic table can help you find those masses. The atomic mass is the molar mass of 6.02 x 10^23 atoms of that element, so...

A. Atomic mass of Au is 196.97 g/mol. Dividing by the Avogadro constant (6.02 x 10^23), or 1 mol of atoms, would give you the weight in grams for one atom of gold: 3.27 x 10^-22

B. The atomic mass of mercury is 200.59 g/mol, so one mol of mercury would weigh 200.59 g.

C. Clorine weighs 35.45 g/mol, so two mols would be twice that, or 70.90 g.

D. We know that 6.02 x 10^23 atoms is more than 25 atoms of mercury, so D would already be far less than B, but let's do the calculations just in case. 1 mol of Hg weighs 200.59 g/mol, divide by Avogadro's number to get the weight per atom (3.33 x 10^-22 g), and multiply by 25 - 8.33 x 10^-21 g.

By the results, we can see that 1 mol of Hg has the greatest mass of all the possible choices. Generally, the weight of one or a few single atoms is miniscule, so we could have eliminated A and D immediately, but it's good to understand and do the math, just in case. Hope this helps - good luck.
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Which of the following has the greatest mass, in grams?

Postby markel » Sun Nov 13, 2011 5:45 pm

B) 1.0 mol mercury (Hg) atoms
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Which of the following has the greatest mass, in grams?

Postby brooksone » Sun Nov 13, 2011 5:52 pm

1.0 mol of mercury has the most mass in grams (approximately 200.5 g).
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